education

Consumer education guide

Cannabis 101: A Beginner's Guide to Marijuana

Marijuana is classified scientifically as the plant genus “Cannabis”. The subspecies “Cannabis Sativa” and “Cannabis Indica” are the two most common classes of Cannabis.

Cannabis is used by people for health and well-being, to improve focus, relax, inspire, and socialize. It’s an inexpensive and natural approach to keep your body’s vital processes in balance.

sativa

sativa

indica

indica

marijuana hybrid strains

Hybrid

Sativa-dominant hybrid Indica-dominant hybrid
Cerebral sensation with a relaxing body effect. Full-body sensation with a relaxing cerebral effect.

Marijuana has not been analyzed or approved by the FDA. There is limited information on the side effects of using marijuana and there may be associated health risks. Marijuana use during pregnancy and breastfeeding may pose potential harm. Please Consume Responsibly. For use only by adults 21 years of age or older. Keep out of the reach of children. Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. It is against the law to operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug.

What are Cannabinoids?

pain/sleep
CBC, CBD, CBDa, CBG, CBN, THC, THCa Inflammation, Arthritis
CBC, CBD, CBN, THC, THCV Pain
CBC, CBD, CBN, THC Insomnia
CBD, CBN, THC Fibromyalgia
CBD, THC Spinal Injury, Phantom Limb, Migraine, Cramps
THC Sleep Apnea
Gastro intestinal
CBD, THC, THCa Crohn’s
CBD, THCV Diabetes
CBD, THC Gastrointestinal Disorder, Nausea, Cachexia, Anorexia
THC Appetite Loss
Mood / behavior
CBC, CBD, CBG, CBN, THC Depression
CBD, CBG, THC PTSD, OCD, Bipolar
CBD, THC Stress, ADD/ADHD
CBD, CBG Anxiety
neurological
CBC, CBD, CBG, CBN, THC, THCa ALS
CBC, CBD, CBG, CBN, THCV Osteoporosis
CBD, CBG, CBN, THC. THCa Spasticity
CBC, CBD, CBG, THC, THCa Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s
CBD, CBG, THC, THCa Multiple Sclerosis
CBD, CBN, THCa, THCv Seizures, Epilepsy
THC Tourette’s
other
CBC, CBD, CBDa, CBG, THC, THCa Cancer
CBC, CBD, CBG, THE Muscular Dystrophy
THC THCa HIV / AIDS
CBG, THC Glaucoma
CBD, THC Hypertension
THE Fatigue, Asthma

This chart helps determine which cannabinoids may alleviate each symptom or disease. (Source: leafly.com)

Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring chemical compounds that are found in cannabis. The most commonly known cannabinoids are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD).

thc

THC is the psychoactive compound providing the “high” associated with marijuana. It interacts with areas of the brain that have been shown to lessen nausea, promote sleep and provide analgesic qualities.

cbd

CBD is the non-psychoactive compound found in marijuana. It has been shown to provide autoimmune, digestive, and anti-inflammatory support.

Cannabis Terpenes: What They Are and How They Work

Terpenes are another essential compound found in the cannabis plant. They’re in charge of giving many species of vegetation their distinctive smells, fragrances, and even colors. Terpenes are the compounds in cannabis that give some strains their distinctive flavor or aroma. The variety of terpenes gives different types of cannabis a wide range of scents. In recent years, scientists have found that terpenes do much more than produce an aroma. These compounds may boost and expand the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids, especially THC. Terpenes can be extracted from the cannabis plant and infused into various cannabis products, such as distillates, oils, and edibles.

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Limonene

Also Found in

Citrus Rinds, Juniper, Peppermint

MEDICAL BENEFITS

Anti-Depression, Anti-Anxiety, Antifungal

effects

Elevated Mood, Stress Relief

icon 7

Humulene

Also Found in

Hops, Coriander

MEDICAL BENEFITS

Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Bacterial, Relieves Pain

effects

Suppresses Appetite

icon 6

Pinene

Also Found in

Pine Needles, Conifers, Sage

MEDICAL BENEFITS

Anti-Inflammatory, Alleviates Asthma

effects

Memory Retention, Alertness

icon 5

Linalool

Also Found in

Lavender, Citrus, Laurel, Birch, Rosewood

MEDICAL BENEFITS

Anti-Stress, Anti-Depression, Relieves Anxiety and Pain, Aids Insomnia and Convulsions

effects

Sedating, Calming

icon 3

Caryophyllene

Also Found in

Pepper, Cloves, Hops, Basil, Oregano

MEDICAL BENEFITS

Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory, Relieves Muscle Spasm and Pain, Aids Insomnia

effects

No detectable physical effects

icon 4

Myrcene

Also Found in

Mango, Thyme, Citrus, Lemongrass, Bay Leaves

MEDICAL BENEFITS

Antiseptic, Anti-Bacterial, Antifungal, Anti-Inflammatory

effects

Sedating, Relaxing, Enhances THC’s Psychoactivity

Marijuana for Beginners: How to consume

We know it can be a little overwhelming and intimidating but we assure you that it will be as easy as ordering your favorite drink in your local café. A major factor in safe and responsible cannabis use is the amount you consume. Cannabis products affect each and everybody differently, so the effects may vary

To help make the decision-making process easier, the chart below outlines the possible methods of consumption and proper dosage with instructions on how to achieve a safe and enjoyable experience.

WARNING: Consuming too large of a dose has known side effects such as anxiety, paranoia, dry mouth, etc. Harmony recommends to START LOW AND GO SLOW. In other words, try a low dose, then increase very slowly until your desired effect IS achieved.

methods device product dosage warning effects advantages disadvantages
edibles None Infused into butter or oil and then cooked into food or consumable products. Start with 7 serving of 1-5mg until you know how it will affect you. Wait 1-2 hours before consuming another dose. Do not mix with alcohol or other controlled substances. Effects may last 6 to 8 hours. No smoke or vapor. Long-lasting effects. Tastes delicious. May require more experimentation to achieve proper dosage.
tinctures Rapid onset if placed beneath the tongue (about 10 minutes) Concentrated forms of cannabis in an alcohol-based or oil-based solution, sprays Start with 1 serving of 1-5mg until you know how it will affect you. Wait 10-45 minutes before titrating with another dose. Very concentrated. This product requires careful dosage levels. Effects may last 6 to 8 hours. Discrete and easily dosed. No smell. No smoke or vapor. Cannabinoids extracted in glycerin or ethanol, giving it a strong plant - like flavor. Delayed onset when swallowed.
topicals None Salve, burn-relief spray, massage oil Apply liberally as needed. Onset time can be 30-60 minutes. If the topical includes THC, avoid contact with eyes. Wash hands after every use. This product is not meant for ingestion. You should experience little to no psychoactive effects. Localized, external delivery. Soothes the skin. Not recommended for use with open sores or wounds.
Smoking Pipe, Water pipe, Rolled joint Flower, Concentrate Start with 1 single inhale lasting 3 seconds and wait 10 to 20 minutes before repeating. Burnt cannabis produces a pungent odor and is conspicuous. This may not be the best choice for consumers with respiratory issues. Effects wear off within 2-4 hours. The most popular way to consume cannabis. Devices for smoking are inexpensive. Terpenes & cannabinoids are destroyed at high temperatures, jeopardizing the flavor and full spectrum effects of cannabis.
vaporizing Vaporizer (handheld or desktop) CO2 Oil / Concentrate, Flower Start with two or three puffs and wait 10 to 20 minutes before repeating. Vaporizer cartridges should be stored upright and not lying down. Effects wear off within 2-4 hours. Due to heat specific settings, most cannabinoids and terpenes remain intact. Little to no smell, very discrete. Retains flavor. Vaporizers range in price and some may require maintenance, depending on what model you choose. While it still may not be the best choice for consumers with respiratory issues, it is gentler on the lungs than smoking.
EDIBLES
DEVICE None
PRODUCT Infused into butter or oil and then cooked into food or consumable products.
DOSAGE Start with 7 serving of 1-5mg until you know how it will affect you. Wait 1-2 hours before consuming another dose.
WARNING Do not mix with alcohol or other controlled substances.
EFFECTS Effects may last 6 to 8 hours.
ADVANTAGES No smoke or vapor. Long-lasting effects. Tastes delicious.
DISADVANTAGES May require more experimentation to achieve proper dosage.
TINCTURES
DEVICE Rapid onset if placed beneath the tongue (about 10 minutes)
PRODUCT Concentrated forms of cannabis in an alcohol-based or oil-based solution, sprays
DOSAGE Start with 1 serving of 1-5mg until you know how it will affect you. Wait 10-45 minutes before titrating with another dose.
WARNING Very concentrated. This product requires careful dosage levels.
EFFECTS Effects may last 6 to 8 hours.
ADVANTAGES Discrete and easily dosed. No smell. No smoke or vapor.
DISADVANTAGES Cannabinoids extracted in glycerin or ethanol, giving it a strong plant - like flavor. Delayed onset when swallowed.
TOPICALS
DEVICE None
PRODUCT Salve, burn-relief spray, massage oil
DOSAGE Apply liberally as needed. Onset time can be 30-60 minutes.
WARNING If the topical includes THC, avoid contact with eyes. Wash hands after every use. This product is not meant for ingestion.
EFFECTS You should experience little to no psychoactive effects.
ADVANTAGES Localized, external delivery. Soothes the skin.
DISADVANTAGES Not recommended for use with open sores or wounds.
SMOKING
DEVICE Pipe, Water pipe, Rolled joint
PRODUCT Flower, Concentrate
DOSAGE Start with 1 single inhale lasting 3 seconds and wait 10 to 20 minutes before repeating.
WARNING Burnt cannabis produces a pungent odor and is conspicuous. This may not be the best choice for consumers with respiratory issues.
EFFECTS Effects wear off within 2-4 hours.
ADVANTAGES The most popular way to consume cannabis. Devices for smoking are inexpensive.
DISADVANTAGES Terpenes & cannabinoids are destroyed at high temperatures, jeopardizing the flavor and full spectrum effects of cannabis.
VAPORIZING
DEVICE Vaporizer (handheld or desktop)
PRODUCT CO2 Oil / Concentrate, Flower
DOSAGE Start with two or three puffs and wait 10 to 20 minutes before repeating.
WARNING Vaporizer cartridges should be stored upright and not lying down.
EFFECTS Effects wear off within 2-4 hours.
ADVANTAGES Due to heat specific settings, most cannabinoids and terpenes remain intact. Little to no smell, very discrete. Retains flavor.
DISADVANTAGES Vaporizers range in price and some may require maintenance, depending on what model you choose. While it still may not be the best choice for consumers with respiratory issues, it is gentler on the lungs than smoking.
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First time?

Remember the 4 “s”

Sit back and chill

If you are new to consuming cannabis, make sure that you are in a relaxed and stress-free environment.

Start slow and go low

ingesting smaller amounts, you will have better control By over your experience and more affectively achieve your desired results.

Standby and wait

Do not rush into taking another dose. Wait for the effect of the first.

massachusetts recreational dispensary

Common signs of abuse

Some users may experience dependence or addiction to a substance. It is important to recognize them. If you have checked two boxes or more, please consult a physician.

Cannabis Tolerance Breaks

Excessive use of marijuana can lead to a high tolerance. This will prompt the user to increase their dosages significantly in order to achieve the same effect they used to be able to attain with lower doses. When you become dependent and suddenly stop physical and mental symptoms may occur.

If you find that you are experiencing one or more symptoms, please contact a physician immediately.

HARMONY has no affiliation with the following programs but these may prove to be a good resource if you need help immediately. If you want to download the resource click here